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States that have open or closed hearings

Sunday, September 23, 2001

Open and closed states:

Open and closed states

States that have open hearings in abuse and neglect cases in juvenile court, closed hearings and constitutional provisions for open courts.

State

Open hearings

Closed hearings

Open court protection in state constitution

Alabama

 

 

X

Alaska

 

X

 

Arizona

 

X

X

Arkansas

 

X

 

California*

 

X

 

Colorado

X

 

X

Connecticut

 

X

X

Delaware**

 

X

X

District of Columbia

 

X

 

Florida***

X

 

 

Georgia

 

X

 

Hawaii

 

X

 

Idaho

 

X

X

Illinois****

X

 

 

Indiana

 

X

X

Iowa

X

 

 

Kansas

 

X

 

Kentucky

 

X

X

Louisiana

 

X

X

Maine

 

X

 

Maryland*

 

X

 

Massachusetts

 

X

 

Michigan

X

 

 

Minnesota*****

X

 

 

Mississippi

 

X

X

Missouri

 

X

X

Montana

 

X

X

Nebraska

X

 

X

Nevada

 

X

 

New Hampshire

 

X

 

New Jersey

 

X

 

New Mexico****

X

 

 

New York

X

 

 

North Carolina

X

 

X

North Dakota

 

X

X

Ohio******

 

X

X

Oklahoma

 

X

X

Oregon

X

 

X

Pennsylvania

 

X

X

Rhode Island

 

X

 

South Carolina

 

X

X

South Dakota

 

X

X

Tennessee

 

X

X

Texas

X

 

 

Utah

 

X

X

Vermont

 

X

 

Virginia

 

X

 

Washington

 

X

X

West Virginia

 

X

X

Wisconsin

 

X

 

Wyoming

 

X

X

Source: The National Center for Juvenile Justice, Post-Gazette research

*Some judges permit the public and press to attend hearings.

**Hearings may be open if the judge considers publication in the public interest.

***All hearings except those on termination of custody are open.

****Open to the media only, not the public.

*****12 counties open in a three-year test project that has been extended until Dec. 31, 2001.

******As a result of appeals decisions, hearings neither presumptively open nor closed and individuals may petition for admittance .



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