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A Look At The 2 Plans

Sunday, July 02, 2000

1. GLOBES AT THE ENTRANCE: Both plans called for a large globe -- eight stories tall in the Jaffray plan and 180 feet tall at Epcot. Both plans showed globes at the entrance to the parks, with large lakes at other end of the parks.

2. OUTDOOR AMPHITHEATERS: Present in both plans, at the far end of the lakes for concerts, plays, and other events. The Jaffray proposal said guests would be able to see performances from foreign musicians and artists. The Epcot amphitheater offers such events.

3. U.S. PAVILION: The Jaffray and Disney park plans called for the United States pavilion to be directly behind the amphitheater.

Jaffray's original concept painting titled "Miniature Worlds," 1961

4. ISLANDS AND BOATS: There would be islands in the lakes of both plans, with boats ferrying people to the nation villages along the shore.

5. PRIZE FLOWER GARDEN: Both plans had a prize rose garden located lakeside closest to the globes.

6. PAVILIONS: The Jaffray and Disney park plans have pavilions between each of the lakes and globes, though designs of the pavilions are different. Buildings in both plans house restaurants and souvenir shops, though foreign cuisine at Epcot is offered at restaurants in the village nations. Jaffray talked about placing restaurants in the country pavilions, according to interviews and family letters, but he did not alter his site plans to reflect those changes.

7. RAILWAYS: Both plans show rails running through the park. Epcot has a monorail, like Disneyland, circling half the park on trestles. Miniature Worlds plans called for a railroad circling the park on trestles.

Disney's official concept painting of Epcot, 1980

8. COUNTRIES: Both plans show the United States, England, Italy, Germany, Mexico, Japan, Morocco, Canada and France (Canada was added later to Jaffray's plan). Epcot also has Norway and China -- countries not included in the Jaffray plan. The Jaffray plan shows Israel, Australia, Greece, Egypt, Russia, the Philippines, Switzerland, Hungary, Argentina, Taiwan and Sweden -- countries not at Epcot. But most of those countries Disney had tried to court to be included at Epcot, including Israel, Australia, Greece, Egypt, Russia, the Philippines and Venezuela.

9. LANDSCAPING: Both plans called for the planting of trees and plants indigenous to the various countries.


FINANCING: Both plans called for corporate financing of nation villages. Jaffray said the construction costs could be borne by the companies, and in return, they would be able to advertise tastefully in the park. At Epcot, private companies footed up to 40 percent of the estimated $800 million in construction costs, according to Disney executives in 1980. In return, the companies advertise and sell their products in the park.

INTERNATIONAL CULTURE: Jaffray wanted to bring people from foreign countries to his park to help explain their traditions and culture. He also wanted films to be shown of the various countries as well as artwork displayed in the International Hall of Knowledge. Epcot features people from foreign countries working at the village nations under a special program, explaining their culture and traditions to guests. Three-dimensional films of foreign countries are shown, and artwork is also displayed in the village nations.

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